Dr. James M. Shields

Career Summary:

I have had the opportunity to undertake wildlife research and to apply the

knowledge gained to broad-scale land management.  Through my employment with

Forests NSW, I have practiced active wildlife management with a major forest

agency, monitor the results, learn from mistakes, and adopt new, adaptive


My involvement in tertiary education, policy development, research,

environmental communications, and the application of basic scientific

principles to all have allowed me to influence the ethics, economics and

direction of natural resource management in New South Wales (NSW)

particularly, and in a general manner across Australia, the Pacific

Northwest, and other areas within my sphere of operations.  The principal

achievements set out below are the results.


Since moving on from the Public Service in 2008, I have continued with my

academic and research activities privately through Local Environmental

Solutions, an enterprise that uses social and environmental accounting as

well as economics.   I have innovated new research and management options

for  natural resources, notably through Rent-a-Ruminant (biological

vegetation control) and Conservation Canines (using dogs to locate and

survey wildlife).


 Presentation title:  “Time and Birds Remain – We Fly through”

I will present for the first time since 1992 a summary of the work I started with my PhD dissertation, “The Effect of

Logging on Birds at Eden, NSW.”  I now have data collected over the course 25 years on the same plots, including data on bird communities before the

experimental plots were logged (1985-87).


Your personal objectives as regards science:

To find out something I didn’t know before, and apply that, if possible, to making a better world.


Your perspective on science and its value to/for communities:

Science is the process where we assess the truth in the real, physical

world.  Some science may have very little value to human communities (at

present) whilst other science is conducted for no other reason than to solve

social and economical problems for Homo sapiens.

Published papers

Kemmerer, E.P., Shields, J.M. and Tidemann, CR. (2008)  High densities of

bell miners Manorina melanophyrys associated with reduced diversity of other

birds in wet eucalypt forest:  Potential for adaptive management.  Forest

Ecology and Management 255 (2008) 2094-2102.

Shields, J., Kavanagh, R. and Rohan Jones, W. (1987)  Forest avifauna of the

upper Hastings River. In: Birds of Eucalypt Forest and Woodlands: Ecology,

Conservation and Management. Keast, A., Recher, H.F., Ford, H. and Saunders,

D. (Eds). Surrey Beattey and Sons, Sydney.

Shields, J., Kavanagh, R., Recher, H.F. and Webb, G. (1986)  The

effectiveness of buffer strips for wildlife management within pine

plantations at Bondi State Forest, New South Wales. Forestry Commission of

New South Wales, Sydney, Report.  PO Box 100 Beecroft. NSW Australia.

Shields, J., Stanton, M. and Longmore, W.  1994.  Birds of the Tumbarumba

State Forests.  Unpublished Report.  Forest Research and Development

Division, State Forests of NSW. Oratava Avenue, Pennant Hills, NSW, PO Box

100 Beecroft. NSW Australia.


Shields, J.M. and Boles, W. (1981)

Evidence of the Pink Robin breeding in southern NSW. Corella, 21, 18-19.

Shields, JM. (2008)  ‘Australia’s Biodiversity Credits’ in Conservation &

Biodiversity Banking Editors Carroll N, Fox J, and Bayon R.  298 pp.

Earthscan, International Institute for Environment and Development.  London,

Sterling VA USA.


Recher, H.F., Gowing, G., Kavanagh, R., Shields, J. and Rohan-Jones, W.


Birds, resources and time in a tablelands forest. Proceedings of the

Ecological Society of Australia, 12, 101-103.

Recher, H.F., Holmes, R.T., Schulz, M., Shields, J. and Kavanagh, R. (1985)

Foraging patterns of breeding birds in eucalypt forest and woodland of

southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology, 10, 399-419.

Recher, H.F., Kavanagh, R.P., Shields, J.M. and Lind, P. (1991)

Ecological associations of habitats and bird species during the breeding

season in southeastern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Ecology, 16,



JANIS (1997). Nationally Agreed Criteria for the Establishment of a

Comprehensive, Adequate and Representative Reserve System for Forests in

Australia. Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, (April 2003).


Kavanagh, R.P., Shields, J., Recher, H.F. and Rohan-Jones, W. (1985)

Birds in a logged-unlogged forest mosaic in the Eden woodchip region. In:

Birds of Eucalypt Forest and Woodlands: Ecology, conservation and

management. Keast, A., Recher, H.F., Ford, H. and Saunders, D. (Eds). Surrey

Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, Sydney, pp. 273-281.